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2017 Salary Study: tech jobs (Paris)

Discover our 2017 salary study for tech jobs in Paris.

04.09.2017

Intro

Avec près de 450 recrutements réalisés en un an, auprès de pure players, de startups et de grands groupes, nous avons identifié et analysé les évolutions des salaires des techniciens du web en rapport avec notre étude de l’année dernière.
 
Les nouveautés de l’étude : 

- Pour la deuxième année de suite nous intégrons la région Rhône-Alpes à notre étude des salaires tech ( Voir l'étude des salaires Tech pour la région Rhône-Alpes)

- Cette année, nous avons pris la décision de retirer la grille de salaires pour les développements sur les CMS car la demande exprimée par les sociétés que nous accompagnons n’était plus assez significative.

L’étude a été réalisée grâce aux informations salariales inhérentes aux recrutements effectués, via Urban Linker, par des pure players, des agences web, des éditeurs de logiciels, des startups et des pôles digitaux de grands groupes. Les données collectées ont été pondérées dans une démarche qualificative et empirique, afin d’être le plus fidèles au marché qu’elles illustrent. L’analyse a été réalisée par les consultants seniors d’Urban Linker, experts des métiers techniques du digital.

Cette étude est une analyse quantitative et qualitative, fondée sur les recrutements réalisés avant le 30 juin 2017. Elle concerne exclusivement le secteur géographique de Paris / Ile-de-France.

Les chiffres relatifs aux rémunérations sont donnés en k€ brut/an.

PHP Developers: Frameworks

Salary Frameworks: Symfony2, Zend2,Laravel and Silex
Junior 0 to 2 years 34-41 K€ +1.3%
Confirmed 2 to 4 years 38-44 K€
Senior 4 to 6 years 44-50 K€ +1.1%
Lead 48-56 K€ +3%
Architect 60K€ and +
*K€ gross/year – Source Urban Linker for Paris
 

En dépit de la poussée de certains langages qui ont le vent en poupe et de la confirmation de la forte tendance JavaScript, PHP demeure le langage le plus utilisé par les structures que nous accompagnons. Quasi systématiquement, le choix de PHP est accompagné d’un framework du marché qui répond à une structure MVC. En effet, PHP et ses frameworks rassurent par la taille et l’organisation des communautés open-source fortes qui les développent, par des conventions bien définies, etc.

Le remplacement progressif de PHP5 par PHP7, la dernière version du langage, est réelle : PHP7 favorise entre autres la sécurité et la performance et est largement utilisé par l’ensemble des CMS (WordPress, Drupal, etc.) et des frameworks du marché (Zend2, Symfony3, Laravel, etc.). Bref, il est devenu incontournable. 

La maitrise de PHP7 et, si nous nous focalisons sur les frameworks, de Symfony3, explique en bonne partie la hausse notable des salaires que nous avons observée pour les profils juniors et, plus encore, pour les profils plus expérimentés. Si les profils plus seniors connaissent une hausse plus importante, c’est aussi parce que de plus en plus de compétences sont demandées aux développeurs pour appréhender des logiques métiers qui se complexifient : le prix de l’expérience en somme.

Côté frameworks, les douze derniers mois ont assez clairement consacrés Symfony3 dans les besoins exprimés par nos clients. Les migrations de Symfony2 à Symfony3 se sont multipliées et les nouveaux projets se montent volontiers en s’appuyant sur la nouvelle version du framework. Une compétence qui se valorise sur le marché, en attendant la sortie de Symfony4, prévue pour novembre 2017.

Notons aussi que Laravel (développé par l'Américain Taylor Otwell) nous semble de plus en plus utilisé. Il séduit manifestement par sa syntaxe élégante et son accessibilité et nous le retrouvons dans la stack technologique de nombreuses startups. Certains micro-frameworks ont également le vent en poupe : citons notamment Silex et Lumen, respectivement petits frères de Symfony et Laravel. Dans une moindre mesure, nous pourrions aussi citer Phalcon et Silex. 

Front-end developers

Salary Integrator (HTML5/CSS3) Front JS Developer Full-stack JS Developer
Junior 0 to 2 years 28-32 K€ -4%* 34-41 K€ -6.25%* 38-44 K€ -1%*
Confirmed 2 to 4 years 32-38 K€ +4% 42-50 K€ -4.1% 42-53 K€ -4%
Senior 4 to 6 years 38-46K€ +5% 50-56 K€ -3.6% 55-60 K€
Lead 45K€ and + 55K€ and + 60-68 K€
Architect - 60K€ and + 70K€ and +
*K€ grpss/year – Source Urban Linker for Paris

 

Integrator
Integration is often the entry point when discovering lines of code and getting familiar with development. There are many MOOCs or short training courses available online to learn HTML5 and CSS3. The integration market is a bit less tense than others, however this job is essential to the development of interfaces, and many skills are sought after.
The line between front-end development and integration is fine. Depending on the startup and the demands, an integrator’s role may vary and tend to UI and/or UX design, or to front-end development… However an integrator’s main mission is to perfectly integrate models sent by the designer, and to insure smooth interactions: a perfect knowledge of HTML5/CSS3 is necessary, as well as jQuery. Integrators often understand JavaScript code, and can even use it a little bit: we notice that a growing number of integrators are showing some experience with JavaScript front-end frameworks (Angular, React, etc). This may explain why their salary range slightly increased compared to last year’s.
 
 
Front JS & Full-stack JS
JavaScript’s success over the past few years explains why salaries increased that much. The time where jQuery was almost the only library available is long gone and nowadays each year brings its new trendy framework (Backbone, Angular then Angular 2, Ember, React, Vue, etc.). The fact that Node.JS (the “JavaScript from a server side”) gained so many users helped a lot as well: the number of startups choosing to develop their app with JavaScript has exploded.
Such a success in the startup ecosystem can lead to some sort of overbid on salaries for the best profiles: this is mainly the consequence of the laws of supply and demand. That being said, for most of the recruitments made this year, this upward trend has slowed down. We even observe a slight decrease in salaries that can be explained as follows: startups are adapting to the market and would rather recruit talents who master a bit less JavaScript and/or its frameworks, all by encouraging their developers to train after being hired. This leads to more reasonable salary ranges, especially for junior profiles.
It should be pointed out that mastering Node.JS with (at least) one front framework is valued, especially for profiles that are already comfortable with other back-end languages.
We have noticed a clear decrease in demands for Angular in favor of Angular2 or, more recently, Angular4. However the champion for demands in the past 12 months has clearly been React. Who will be next? It could very well be Vue.js, as we hear a lot about this from our developer friends or from our clients. They all seem to appreciate the quick handling of this framework, and the fact that it compiles the best aspects of each of its competitors. 

JAVA / .NET DEVELOPERS

Salary . Net Java
Junior 0 to 2 years 33-40 K€ -5.2% 34-43 K€
Confirmed 2 to 4 years 42-47 K€ 43-50 K€ +1.1%
Senior 4 to 6 years 47-57 K€ +2% 50-58 K€ +0.9%
Lead 55-65 K€ -4% 55-66 K€ -3.2%
Architect 60 K€ and + 55 K€ and +
*K€ gross/year – Source Urban Linker for Paris
 

Java
Java is the language that sparks the most debates within communities. Yet it is still one of the most used for building complex and massive apps, but also by many of our clients. This language is reassuring: it is object-oriented, has been used for a long time (therefore is very well documented), its ecosystem is still quite active and it is almost systematically taught in engineering schools. We notice that many startups’ CTOs have at some point been learning Java (and this is less true about other languages). As we were saying last year, Hadoop and Spark, two Big Data frameworks, are coded in Java.
Stacks associating Java (server) to JavaScript (client) are still very much used (Angular still clearly matches with Java). Companies value a good knowledge of Java because it reassures them on the ability to learn other languages, in particular when it comes to switch to mobile with Java Android.
Demand is still high but salaries didn’t meet important changes compared to last year. Scala and Kotlin are growing strong. Demands for skill in these languages are still rare but might become valuable in a near future.

.Net
Demands for .Net developers have decreased this year, especially for junior profiles. Other languages success could explain it, but we have to admit that historically, the companies we work with are generally less fond of the Microsoft ecosystem.
We simply notice that when it comes to web development, mastering the ASP.NET MVC has become the norm. Salaries are globally stable.
More and more of our Microsoft oriented clients are starting to use ASP.NET Core in production. We bet this trend will continue in the future: indeed with ASP.NET Core, Microsoft’s framework is now supported by Windows, Linux and Apple. As for the .NET code, it mixes easily with Java and JavaScript. A revolution!

RUBY / PYTHON DEVELOPERS

Salary Ruby Python
Junior 0 to 2 years 35-44 K€ -6% 34-42 K€ +1.3%
Confirmed 2 to 4 years 44-54 K€ -3% 40-47 K€ +4.8%
Senior 4 to 6 years 51-60 K€ +1.8% 48-58 K€ +6%
Lead 52-70 K€ -2% 53-63 K€ +5.45%
Architect 60K€ and + 60K€ and +
*K€ gross/year – Source Urban Linker for Paris
 

Ruby
Ruby, especially when associated to its framework Rails, has the advantage to allow the quick bootstrap of a project. Its syntax is modern and the community is nice and enthusiast. We notice this language is often used by startups as well as by coding schools and other bootcamps (Le Wagon for instance).
For a few years, we have considered the Ruby profiles (especially the seniors) to be extremely sought-after. The high number of freelance workers and the relative small size of the community used to make the recruitments quite complicated, and boost the salaries. Maybe the ecosystem took measure of this scarcity: we noted this year that salaries are slightly decreasing, and these profiles are less demanded.
We often hear, while exchanging with developers and startups, that Ruby on Rails is an excellent choice to start a project… But a bit less when it comes to switch to a growth phase and to scale a project. We often hear about Go, or even about Elixir, for better performances. We will follow closely the evolution of these demands in the years to come.

Python
During our recruitments, we have noted a significant increase in salaries for Python profiles. A few reasons might explain this trend. Ruby’s slight decrease over the past few months seems to benefit Python. Python is also the most adopted language by high schools and preparatory classes when teaching algorithms and code.

The Python ecosystem is quite rich and its areas of application are wide: Python can be found in web development (along with Django and Flask that remain the most used by our clients), but also in system administration (scripting, monitoring), in scraping and in data analysis. The scientific libraries of Python (the SciPy stack) are numerous and allow working on Machine Learning issues, among other things. We heard a lot about Deep Learning this year, and it turns out it involves libraries that use Python at least partly: TensorFlow or Caffe, for example. We believe it boosts the demand for Python skills, and thus the salaries. 

System administrator / DevOps

Salary System Administrator DevOps
Junior 0 to 2 years 33-40 K€ 34-43 K€ -3.75%
Confirmed 2 to 4 years 38-44 K€ 44-50 K€ +3.3%
Senior 4 to 6 years 43-50 K€ +1.1% 50-64 K€ +5.5%
Lead 47-55 K€ -2.9% 55-75 K€ +4%
Architect 50-65 K€ 60-80 K€
*K€ gross/year – Source Urban Linker for Paris
 

We have noticed a decrease in demand for System Administrators over the past year. These profiles tend to be replaced by DevOps, especially in the startup ecosystem, for many reasons: startups have very small teams, where resources must be optimized. The production is often quickly automated, and the use of cloud-based infrastructures is frequent (AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google App Engine). The most sought after skills are AWS, Chef Ansible, Doker and its orchestrators (Mesos, Kubernetes, Docker Swarm).

System administrators’ salaries haven’t globally changed, while the market trend goes up for DevOps oriented profiles, consequently their salaries increase. The highest increase goes to senior profiles: it will often be their role to set up a cloud infrastructure from scratch when startups enter a growth phase. 

Mobile Developers

Salary Android IOS
Junior 0 to 2 years 36-44 K€ -2.4% 37-44 K€
Confirmed 2 to 4 years 42-53 K€ 42-53 K€ -1%
Senior 4 to 6 years 52-62 K€ +0.9% 52-65 K€ +1.7%
Lead 60-70 K€ 60-75 K€ +3.9%
Architect 70K€ and + 70K€ and +
*K€ gross/year – Source Urban Linker for Paris
 

Mobile is still an important part of the market’s demand. Almost every project has a mobile declination of a web product, when the mobile first approach is not favored from the beginning. This year, changes in salary for mobile developers didn’t seem obvious, in either way.
Under iOS, the open-source Swift is replacing the Objective-C language, and iOS developers consider Swift easier to learn, while still being quite powerful. iOS skills are still highly valued, especially on lead developer jobs.
Under Android, we have noticed a significant increase in projects developed with the Kotlin language. This is proportional to the number of Android developers favoring this language. This language was stabilized in production in 2016, and is followed by a strong community who enjoys its security, its pragmatism and its clarity.
Although salaries remain mostly the same, it must be pointed out that the rise of React Native (allowing developing in native under both iOS and Android) has led to a slight decrease in the number of offers for purely iOS native or purely Android native jobs. 

WHY THIS STUDY IS PURELY INDICATIVE AND CANNOT BE USED AS A BASIS FOR A SALARY NEGOCIATION:

  • This study is based on the job market for tech profiles in Paris area, for permanent contracts.
  • This study does not take the type of company into account (startup – pure player – big groups – software editors – agencies).
  • This study is adjusted by the analysis of Urban Linker’s senior recruiters.
  • This study analyses salary of profiles recruited between 2016/2017 and does not include profiles currently employed.
  • This study takes into account the previous experience on other environments that often add to obtain a salary level like the ones mentioned.
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